The relation of dietary choline to cognitive performance and white-matter hyperintensity in the Framingham Offspring Cohort
Coreyann Poly, Joseph M Massaro, Sudha Seshadri, Philip A Wolf, Eunyoung Cho, Elizabeth Krall, Paul F Jacques, and Rhoda Au0
DISCUSSION: "...the principal ﬁndings show that better memory performance is related to a higher concurrent choline intake."†
Plasma free choline, betaine and cognitive performance:
the Hordaland Health Study
Eha Nurk, Helga Refsum,, Ingvar Bjelland, Christian A. Drevon, Grethe S. Tell,Per M. Ueland, Stein E. Vollset, Knut Engedal, Harald A. Nygaard and David A. Smith. Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Department of Surveillance and Evaluation, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42,
DISCUSSION: "...of 2195 individuals, we have shown that low plasma concentrations of free choline were cross-sectionally associated with poor performance in global cognition, sensorimotor speed, perceptual speed and executive function..." †
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† These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.